Formalization of the economy is a complex and long term process that often requires to combine interventions on laws and regulations with those aiming to foster productivity and the ability to generate wealth. For part of the workforce, the reduction of decent work deficits is the first step toward a progressive formalization in the longer term. The significant reduction of informality in some countries illustrates that achieving results is largely possible.
International Labour Standard
At its 104th Session (2015), the ILC adopted R204, based on strong tripartite consensus and near unanimous vote, following a two-year process of consultations.
Theory of change
This umbrella theory of change provides the main pathways for the transition to formality of workers and enterprises. It is a general framework that can inform the development of theories of change focused on a specific sector, occupational groups, forms of informality or policy areas.
Assessment of social security coverage of workers in diverse forms of employment and in platform employment in China
12 October 2022
ILO Working paper 80
Realizing the opportunities of the platform economy through freedom of association and collective bargaining
30 September 2022
Statistics on informality
This methodological note presents the 10 steps of diagnoses of informality allowing for flexibility depending on national circumstances.
Browse through various indicators & countries (please use Chrome or Mozilla browsers).
This publication provides for the 1st time comparable estimates on the size of the informal economy & a statistical profile of informality in all its diversity at the global and regional levels.
Courses and trainings
Policy resource package
How to develop viable policy options to address the multi-fold challenges of facilitating transitions to formality.
Courses designed to increase capacity of constituents to effectively collect data & to design, implement, monitor, evaluate formalization policies and strategies.