Working papers

  1. ILO Working paper 65

    Skills and employment transitions in Brazil

    31 May 2022

    This paper analyses employment transitions and workers’ skills in Brazil between 2003 to 2018, developing a novel procedure to derive a measure of occupational distance and internationally comparable skill measures from occupations’ task descriptions. Against a number of outcomes, workers using non-routine cognitive skills are found to perform better, while routine and non-routine manual workers are worse off in the labour market. Overall, there have been signs of routine-biased technological change and employment polarization since the 2014 Brazilian economic crisis.

  2. ILO Working paper 64

    Gendered Safety Nets and Growing Inequality: Pandemic-induced Recession in India

    31 May 2022

    In the absence of adequate social security for migrant workers, the recession induced by the COVID-19 pandemic forced the mass return of millions of circular migrants who were supported by their rural households of largely left-behind women. In addition, the recession rendered destitute small traders and operators of microenterprises, and reduced the incomes of small-scale farmers.

  3. ILO Working paper 62

    Protection of workers’ personal data: General principles

    05 May 2022

    This working paper gives an overview of legal standards related to personal data protection. It explores trends, principles and good practices and brings them in relation to the world of work.

  4. ILO Working paper 61

    Key workers in Ghana during the COVID-19 pandemic

    05 May 2022

    The study is an analysis of the experience of key workers in Ghana during the COVID-19 pandemic. It finds that although the pandemic reshaped the work environment, workers’ concerns regarding the future were not tied directly to concerns about COVID-19, but rather to larger concerns about working conditions and income security that existed prior to the crisis.

  5. ILO Working paper 60

    Mobile internet, skills and structural transformation in Rwanda

    25 April 2022

    We study the impact of mobile internet rollout on Rwanda’s labour market. Areas with higher mobile internet coverage experience an increase in employment opportunities, especially towards high skilled and high-value-added activities.

  6. ILO Working paper 59

    The return of fiscal policy

    27 April 2022

    The new European Union macroeconomic activism and lessons for future reform.

  7. ILO working paper 58

    Diversity of practices in social dialogue in the public service in selected African countries

    20 April 2022

  8. ILO Working paper 57

    (Un)Employment and skills formation in Chile: An exploration of the effects of training in labour market transitions

    24 March 2022

    This paper analyses the effects of training on labour market transitions in Chile, using individual-level panel data. It finds that training reduces post-training unemployment, but also shows that the equalizing effects of the training policies are not fully leveraged.

  9. ILO Working paper 56

    The current state of research on the two-way linkages between productivity and well-being

    17 March 2022

    Interest in the topic of well-being has burgeoned in recent years as the weaknesses of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita as a proxy for well-being have become more apparent. At the same time, the global economy has experienced a productivity slowdown, with negative implications for the most important long-term source of sustainable gains in living standards. The objective of this report is to survey the current state of research on the two-way linkages between productivity and well-being in the context of these developments The report discusses measurement issues related to both productivity and well-being, reviews the literature on the channels running from productivity to well-being, and discusses the literature on the linkages running from well-being to productivity.

  10. ILO Working paper 55

    Costs and benefits of investing in transformative care policy packages: A macrosimulation study in 82 countries

    09 March 2022